A baton or truncheon is a roughly cylindrical club made of wood, rubber, plastic or metal. It is carried as a compliance tool and defensive weapon by law-enforcement officers, correctional staff, security guards and military personnel. Leather Billy Clubs. A club or sap, a leather-covered hand weapon, designed to hit or knock you out. The round ones were also commonly known as billies, billy clubs, billie jacks, blackjacks, convoys, and the flat ones are also called slappers, slap stick, slapjacks, slap jacks, sap, sapper, beavertail sap basically because of it's unique shape. Find answers for the crossword clue: Blackjack. We have 8 answers for this clue.
However, this practice was both unreliable and occasionally lethal: Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference Webarchive template other archives CS1: In one case I know of, a Patrolman was wrestling with someone, a standing grapple over a traffic citation [what a thing to go to jail for, huh? A quick and discrete crack on the elbow joint would bring them in line quickly, just as a Kubotan thrust into the ribcage with a quick "shake" will as well. Another weapon is a lead weight knotted or woven into the end of a short piece of rope that serves as a handle. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Baton law enforcement. The slight flexibility and resilience of the handle gives these small clubs a whip-like action.
A club also known as a cudgel , baton , truncheon , cosh , nightstick , or bludgeon is among the simplest of all weapons: There are several examples of blunt-force trauma caused by clubs in the past, including at the site of Nataruk in Turkana, Kenya, described as the scene of a prehistoric conflict between bands of hunter-gatherers 10, years ago. Most clubs are small enough to be swung with one hand, although larger clubs may require the use of two to be effective.
Various specialized clubs are used in martial arts and other fields, including the law-enforcement baton. The military mace is a more sophisticated descendant of the club, typically made of metal and featuring a spiked, knobbed, or flanged head attached to a shaft.
The wounds inflicted by a club are generally known as bludgeoning or blunt-force trauma injuries. Police forces and their predecessors have traditionally favored the use, whenever possible, of less-lethal weapons than guns or blades. Until recent times, when alternatives such as tasers and capsicum spray became available, this category of policing weapon has generally been filled by some form of wooden club variously termed a truncheon, baton, nightstick, or lathi.
Short, flexible clubs are also often used, especially by plainclothes officers who need to avoid notice. These are known colloquially as blackjacks, saps, or coshes. They are also used in olden ages of the Philippines to punish citizens. Conversely, criminals have been known to arm themselves with an array of homemade or improvised clubs, generally of easily concealable sizes, or which can be explained as being carried for legitimate purposes such as baseball bats.
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A baton or truncheon is a roughly cylindrical club made of wood, rubber, plastic or metal. It is carried as a compliance tool and defensive weapon  by law-enforcement officers, correctional staff, security guards and military personnel. In many cultures, they are highly symbolic of law enforcement and are rarely used with the intention to kill. A truncheon or baton may be used in many ways as a weapon.
It can be used defensively to block; offensively to strike, jab, or bludgeon; and it can aid in the application of armlocks. The usual striking or bludgeoning action is not produced by a simple and direct hit, as with an ordinary blunt object, but rather by bringing the arm down sharply while allowing the truncheon to pivot nearly freely forward and downward, so moving its tip much faster than its handle.
Batons are also used for non-weapon purposes such as breaking windows to free individuals trapped in a vehicle, or turning out a suspect's pockets during a search as a precaution against sharp objects. Some criminals use batons as weapons because of their simple construction and easy concealment. The use or carrying of batons or improvised clubs by people other than law enforcement officers is restricted by law in many countries. Other names for a baton are a truncheon , cosh , billystick , billy club , nightstick , or stick.
In the Victorian era , police in London carried truncheons about one-foot long called billy clubs. According to the Online Etymology Dictionary , this name is first recorded in as slang for a burglars' crowbar.
The meaning "policeman's club" is first recorded The truncheon acted as the policeman's ' Warrant Card ' as the Royal Crest attached to it indicated the policeman's authority. This was always removed when the equipment left official service often with the person who used it. The Victorian original has since developed into the several varieties available today. The typical truncheon is a straight stick made from wood or a synthetic material, approximately 1. Truncheons are often ornamented with their organizations' coats of arms.
Yakuza 3 introduces PlayStation Network Trophies to the series with 45 trophies  50 in the Eastern releases. The main story spans over twelve chapters plus a prologue. As with the earlier games, each chapter is preceded by a cinematic, called an "event scene", which later becomes available in the Gallery mode.
Skipping these scenes using the Start button can only be done after enabling the scene-skipping option in the menu, which is switched off by default. Holding R1 and pressing the X button will activate an automatic mode that skips the cutscene dialogue. These sub-scenarios are divided into two classes: There are standard missions , some of which are made up of different episodes, and 20 hitman sub-scenarios.
Fifteen of these bounty hunter sidestories are located in Kamurocho , the remaining five in Ryukyu. Twenty minigames are available within Adventure mode. However, the quiz minigame's expansion was eventually removed from the western release and 2-player support became a time limited DLC exclusive to the North American release's Challenge Pack. Challenges like Mack Shinozuka's training, Inner Fighter 7 and Haruka's Request aren't considered either mini games or side stories.
Beating the game in "Hard" mode unlocks the " Ex-Hard " extreme hard extra difficulty level. Completing the game in any difficulty mode will create a "cleared data" save file and unlock " Premium New Game " and " Premium Adventure ". The first allows to restart the game with all accumulated money, items, experience levels and fighting techniques.
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